Sprinkling of neural dust opens door to electroceuticals

UC Berkeley engineers have built the first dust-sized, wireless sensors that can be implanted in the body, bringing closer the day when a Fitbit-like device could monitor internal nerves, muscles or organs in real time.

Wireless, batteryless implantable sensors could improve brain control of prosthetics, avoiding wires that go through the skull. (UC Berkeley video by Roxanne Makasdjian and Stephen McNally)

Because these batteryless sensors could also be used to stimulate nerves and muscles, the technology also opens the door to “electroceuticals” to treat disorders such as epilepsy or to stimulate the immune system or tamp down inflammation.

The so-called neural dust, which the team implanted in the muscles and peripheral nerves of rats, is unique in that ultrasound is used both to power and read out the measurements. Ultrasound technology is already well-developed for hospital use, and ultrasound vibrations can penetrate nearly anywhere in the body, unlike radio waves, the researchers say.

“I think the long-term prospects for neural dust are not only within nerves and the brain, but much broader,“ said Michel Maharbiz, an associate professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences and one of the study’s two main authors. “Having access to in-body telemetry has never been possible because there has been no way to put something supertiny superdeep. But now I can take a speck of nothing and park it next to a nerve or organ, your GI tract or a muscle, and read out the data.“

sensor on a rat nerve fiber

The sensor, 3 millimeters long and 1×1 millimeters in cross section, attached to a nerve fiber in a rat. Once implanted, the batteryless sensor is powered and the data read out by ultrasound. (Ryan Neely photo)

Maharbiz, neuroscientist Jose Carmena, a professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences and a member of the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, and their colleagues will report their findings in the August 3 issue of the journal Neuron.

The sensors, which the researchers have already shrunk to a 1 millimeter cube – about the size of a large grain of sand – contain a piezoelectric crystal that converts ultrasound vibrations from outside the body into electricity to power a tiny, on-board transistor that is in contact with a nerve or muscle fiber. A voltage spike in the fiber alters the circuit and the vibration of the crystal, which changes the echo detected by the ultrasound receiver, typically the same device that generates the vibrations. The slight change, called backscatter, allows them to determine the voltage.

Motes sprinkled thoughout the body

In their experiment, the UC Berkeley team powered up the passive sensors every 100 microseconds with six 540-nanosecond ultrasound pulses, which gave them a continual, real-time readout. They coated the first-generation motes – 3 millimeters long, 1 millimeter high and 4/5 millimeter thick – with surgical-grade epoxy, but they are currently building motes from biocompatible thin films which would potentially last in the body without degradation for a decade or more.

sensor showing piezoelectric crystal.

The sensor mote contains a piezoelectric crystal (silver cube) plus a simple electronic circuit that responds to the voltage across two electrodes to alter the backscatter from ultrasound pulses produced by a transducer outside the body. The voltage across the electrodes can be determined by analyzing the ultrasound backscatter. (Ryan Neely photo)

While the experiments so far have involved the peripheral nervous system and muscles, the neural dust motes could work equally well in the central nervous system and brain to control prosthetics, the researchers say. Today’s implantable electrodes degrade within 1 to 2 years, and all connect to wires that pass through holes in the skull. Wireless sensors – dozens to a hundred – could be sealed in, avoiding infection and unwanted movement of the electrodes.

“The original goal of the neural dust project was to imagine the next generation of brain-machine interfaces, and to make it a viable clinical technology,” said neuroscience graduate student Ryan Neely. “If a paraplegic wants to control a computer or a robotic arm, you would just implant this electrode in the brain and it would last essentially a lifetime.”

In a paper published online in 2013, the researchers estimated that they could shrink the sensors down to a cube 50 microns on a side – about 2 thousandths of an inch, or half the width of a human hair. At that size, the motes could nestle up to just a few nerve axons and continually record their electrical activity.

“The beauty is that now, the sensors are small enough to have a good application in the peripheral nervous system, for bladder control or appetite suppression, for example,“ Carmena said. “The technology is not really there yet to get to the 50-micron target size, which we would need for the brain and central nervous system. Once it’s clinically proven, however, neural dust will just replace wire electrodes. This time, once you close up the brain, you’re done.“

The team is working now to miniaturize the device further, find more biocompatible materials and improve the surface transceiver that sends and receives the ultrasounds, ideally using beam-steering technology to focus the sounds waves on individual motes. They are now building little backpacks for rats to hold the ultrasound transceiver that will record data from implanted motes.

Diagram showing the components of the sensor.

Diagram showing the components of the sensor. The entire device is covered in a biocompatible gel.

They’re also working to expand the motes’ ability to detect non-electrical signals, such as oxygen or hormone levels.

“The vision is to implant these neural dust motes anywhere in the body, and have a patch over the implanted site send ultrasonic waves to wake up and receive necessary information from the motes for the desired therapy you want,” said Dongjin Seo, a graduate student in electrical engineering and computer sciences. “Eventually you would use multiple implants and one patch that would ping each implant individually, or all simultaneously.”

Ultrasound vs radio

Maharbiz and Carmena conceived of the idea of neural dust about five years ago, but attempts to power an implantable device and read out the data using radio waves were disappointing. Radio attenuates very quickly with distance in tissue, so communicating with devices deep in the body would be difficult without using potentially damaging high-intensity radiation.

A sensor implanted on a peripheral nerve is powered and interrogated by an ultrasound transducer. The backscatter signal carries information about the voltage across the two electrodes. The 'dust' mote was pinged every 100 microseconds with six 540-nanosecond ultrasound pulses.

A sensor implanted on a peripheral nerve is powered and interrogated by an ultrasound transducer. The backscatter signal carries information about the voltage across the sensor’s two electrodes. The ‘dust’ mote was pinged every 100 microseconds with six 540-nanosecond ultrasound pulses.

Marharbiz hit on the idea of ultrasound, and in 2013 published a paper with Carmena, Seo and their colleagues describing how such a system might work. “Our first study demonstrated that the fundamental physics of ultrasound allowed for very, very small implants that could record and communicate neural data,” said Maharbiz. He and his students have now created that system.

“Ultrasound is much more efficient when you are targeting devices that are on the millimeter scale or smaller and that are embedded deep in the body,” Seo said. “You can get a lot of power into it and a lot more efficient transfer of energy and communication when using ultrasound as opposed to electromagnetic waves, which has been the go-to method for wirelessly transmitting power to miniature implants”

“Now that you have a reliable, minimally invasive neural pickup in your body, the technology could become the driver for a whole gamut of applications, things that today don’t even exist,“ Carmena said.

Other co-authors of the Neuron paper are graduate student Konlin Shen, undergraduate Utkarsh Singhal and UC Berkeley professors Elad Alon and Jan Rabaey. The work was supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense.

RELATED INFORMATION

Assassination is the murder of a person, often (but not or ruler, usually for political reasons or paymen. Or the common man.

Assassination is the murder of a person, often (but not always) or ruler, usually for political reasons or paymen. Or the common man.

brain control

An assassination may be prompted by, political, or military motives; it is an act that may be done for financial gain, to avenge a grievance, from a desire to acquire fame or notoriety, or because of a military, security or insurgent group’s command to carry out the homicide.

The World Coalition against Covert Harassment is committed to raising awareness to the legal systems as well as to the medical and scientific community to the crime of illegal biomedical and weaponry research committed on citizens in the European Union and beyond. As a European network, EUCACH acts as a lobbying and advocacy platform towards the EU. Using our international network of scientific and technology experts, partner civil and human rights organisations as well as important stakeholders in civil society, we provide consultancy services to the EU Institutions based on our expertise. EUCACH’s organisational goal is to influence EU legislation and the decision-making process in calling for a worldwide ban on weapons that might enable any form of manipulation of human beings.

Online-connected brains and neural networks.

“ICT” = Information and Communication Technologies

“BMI” = Brain Machine Interface, brain-computer interconnection

“FET” = Future and Emerging Technologies

“S.T.” = Synthetic Telepathy

“A.I.” = Artificial Intelligence.

On the road to mind control: DARPA’s new program will use a chip to connect brains.For additional background to the latest press release from DARPA posted in full below, I encourage you to read the following selection of linked articles
where I discuss the scope and chronology of what is being studied. Therein, you will find that the U.S. BRAIN Initiative and its European counterpart, the Human Brain Project, are not spending multi-billions of dollars on neuroscience research
simply to help people with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and organic brain dysfunction. It is, perhaps first and foremost, a military endeavor that has wide ramifications if even 1/10th of what is being studied comes to fruition. In short, it’s more about mind control than it is about brain restoration and improvement. Please keep this in mind when you read DARPA’s emphasis on “new therapies.” •Obama Doubles Down on BRAIN Project and Military Mind Control

•Mind Control Scientists Find New Memory Manipulation Technology
•Secret DARPA Mind Control Project Revealed: Leaked Document
•The 9 Goals of Mind Control: Interim Report
•New Mind Reading Research Aims to Synchronize Humans
•Nanoparticles Enable Remote Control Brains Via Magnetic Field: New Study

DARPA Press Release:

Darpa mind

A new DARPA program aims to develop an implantable neural interface able to provide unprecedented signal resolution and data-transfer bandwidth between the human brain and the digital world. The interface would serve as a translator, converting between the electrochemical language used by neurons in the brain and the ones and zeros that constitute the language of information technology. The goal is to achieve this communications link in a biocompatible device no larger than one cubic centimeter in size, roughly the volume of two nickels stacked back to back.

The program, Neural Engineering System Design (NESD), stands to dramatically enhance research capabilities in neurotechnology and provide a foundation for new therapies.

“Today’s best brain-computer interface systems are like two supercomputers trying to talk to each other using an old 300-baud modem,” said Phillip Alvelda, the NESD program manager. “Imagine what will become possible when we upgrade our tools to really open the channel between the human brain and modern electronics.”

Among the program’s potential applications are devices that could compensate for deficits in sight or hearing by feeding digital auditory or visual information into the brain at a resolution and experiential quality far higher than is possible with current technology.

Neural interfaces currently approved for human use squeeze a tremendous amount of information through just 100 channels, with each channel aggregating signals from tens of thousands of neurons at a time. The result is noisy and imprecise. In contrast, the NESD program aims to develop systems that can communicate clearly and individually with any of up to one million neurons in a given region of the brain.

Achieving the program’s ambitious goals and ensuring that the envisioned devices will have the potential to be practical outside of a research setting will require integrated breakthroughs across numerous disciplines including neuroscience, synthetic biology, low-power electronics, photonics, medical device packaging and manufacturing, systems engineering, and clinical testing. In addition to the program’s hardware challenges, NESD researchers will be required to develop advanced mathematical and neuro-computation techniques to first transcode high-definition sensory information between electronic and cortical neuron representations and then compress and represent those data with minimal loss of fidelity and functionality.

To accelerate that integrative process, the NESD program aims to recruit a diverse roster of leading industry stakeholders willing to offer state-of-the-art prototyping and manufacturing services and intellectual property to NESD researchers on a pre-competitive basis. In later phases of the program, these partners could help transition the resulting technologies into research and commercial application spaces.

To familiarize potential participants with the technical objectives of NESD, DARPA will host a Proposers Day meeting that runs Tuesday and Wednesday, February 2-3, 2016, in Arlington, Va. The Special Notice announcing the Proposers Day meeting is available athttps://www.fbo.gov/spg/ODA/DARPA/CMO/DARPA-SN-16-16/listing.html. More details about the Industry Group that will support NESD is available athttps://www.fbo.gov/spg/ODA/DARPA/CMO/DARPA-SN-16-17/listing.html. A Broad Agency Announcement describing the specific capabilities sought is available at: http://go.usa.gov/cP474.

DARPA anticipates investing up to $60 million in the NESD program over four years.

NESD is part of a broader portfolio of programs within DARPA that support President Obama’s brain initiative. For more information about DARPA’s work in that domain, please visit:http://www.darpa.mil/…/our-r…/darpa-and-the-brain-initiative.

FET and ICT research and development (of the new “computer – brain language”) allows computers to read and learn human thought patterns by using injectable brain – machine – interface.

About the same brain-machine interface has has been used to cure Parkinson’s disease , Alzheimer’s and depression can also be used for accessing the brain’s memory.

brain mind

Digital Mind

Professor Goran Hermerén OPINION OF THE EUROPEAN GROUP ON ETHICS IN SCIENCE AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION (ETHICAL ASPECTS OF ICT IMPLANTS IN THE HUMAN BODY) March 2005

Link to document

The new software for the brain-machine interface in nano electronics combined with “Europe’s new information technology” provides the researchers with the possibillities for reading and taking “software images” of the brain’s neuron network.

A method that provides high-resolution copies of the brains cognitive behavior and human perception.

Tomorrow’s high-speed computers and related research has evolved into a sophisticated “computer game” with “mind reading” on real people….

These research methods are unknown to our society’s legal system!

So how can research on the brain by “serious” (criminal) organizations in ICT-FET be stopped?

SYNTHETIC TELEPATHY for medicine or mind reading is a direct communication with nanoelectronics between computer and human brain.

Synthetic telepathy is a communication system based on thought, not speech.

It can be used to control for example a prosthesis and cure diseases such as Parkinson’s disease but can also decode the patterns used to study cognitive behavior such as memory, learning and emotion. With nano technology, the digital information can be recorded using the new quantum-inspired computers.

Simulation of behavior can be identified and provide diagnostic data for identifying the precursors to diseases such as dementia, stroke and myocardial infarction

This letter is intended to demonstrate a paradox in the Swedish so-called “protection of human rights” and thus the entire Swedish justice system. Synthetic telepathy could, as practiced in Sweden, lie behind an unknown number of violent crimes and suicides due to research deliberately kept hidden from regulators.

Doctors and psychiatrics diagnose people with “voices in his head” following their “manuals”. DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) published by the American Psychiatric Association and the ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Disorders and Related Health Problems).

This is an old-fashioned black and white and diagnose when the EU priority FET ICT research and develop new information technologies adapted to nano-electronics.

mind-control-weapons

Ulf Gorman writes in the book that with nano technology, we open the doors to an unknown area where we do not know how to apply ethics. What should be and what should not be allowed when you implant a chip that can both read and influence the brain? He takes the example of studying learning and memory.

Micro Implants can provide unprecedented opportunities to understand how we learn and remember things, and hence why we forget and find it difficult to learn. And it can be understood as a form of abuse to look like that into our most private mental world.

Lund University writes about the development of nano-electrodes that can both listen and communicate with neuronal synapses and their cell membranes.

EU priority ICT and FET research are talking about a “A whole new communication technology in Europe” “It will help us understand and exploit the ways in which social and biological systems, organization and evolution, will pave the way for the development of new opportunities for next-generation software and network technologies “.
To understand how the human brain works not only leads to innovations in medicine but also provides new models for energy, fault-tolerant and adaptive computing technologies “.
An initiative of the Virtual Human Physiology that are individually tailored and virtual simulations of the human body where you would expect enormous progress in disease prevention and health care.
The pioneering work carried out also on new ideas such as artificial living cells, synthetic biology, chemical communication, collective intelligence and two-way interface between brain and machine.

New Brain

Brain reading

Other sources, e.g The UCI (University of California Irvin. Department of Cognitive Science) describes the development of Synthetic Telepathy:

Collaboration between cognitive science, neuro-science, specialists in speech recognition and brain imaging will develop a brain-machine interface. This device could help paralyzed and soldiers would be able to send messages directly from the brain to a computer.

Researcher Michael D’Zmura, President of the UCI describes that the system begins with “the little voice in your head“.

How can a medical diagnosis unequivocally describe people’s perception of voices in their head and that no alternative can exist except mental disease.

Why? -because it is a prerequisite to be able to “hear” voices for the use of new information technology?

This is why these researchers must be forced to go public and announce this new scientific communication technology.

This paradox must be investigated immediately.With the exclusion of the development of a Swedish and European military force with superior two-way “radio” communication with the brain.

imagesCAYGMUJA

A number of past court cases are more or less directly caused by S.T. This “voice to skull” technology must immediately be taken into consideration as an alternative for triggering a number of previously committed violent crimes and suicides.

During the development of BMI, software and network technologies are also computerized and long distance imaging of peoples cognitive behavior and perception. Material that is recorded in the computer that runs the real time simulation and creation of artificial intelligence (for initializing A.I. and computerized decision making.)

The image of the brain’s “machine-code” is probably the most comprehensive and advanced ever made. Cognitive behavior depicted and simulated, language and meaning of the words for the subjects are identified. Human perception and mapping how the brain handles information, the image of mathematics reached its perfection.

neuron wave A new research scandal and the fatal consequences for the wider community.

Around the clock the computerized study goes on using collective, artificial intelligence and self-learning systems. The victims testimonies tells us that you can sadly conclude unequivocally that the studies will not be completed until the victim in one way or another has been broken down and / or otherwise inactivated.

This provides power to simulate decomposition for the digital copy thus the fact that the criminal research will not end and is never disclosed.

Descriptions to the vulnerable people who eat psychotropic drugs due to their experiences the experiments and testing goes on, various medicines can affect the “test objects” (or guinea pigs) everything is recorded and compared with previous values (from the multi-annual copy of their real-time neural network and thus the registration of their behavior.)

Obviously this is a disgusting and illegal way to meet the advanced development of tomorrow’s medicine.

The “studies” have resulted in enormous damage to many subjects.The number of unrecorded victims/subjects is probably very high.Families are fragmented, the children of these families are suffering tremendously. One of the subjects have recently been hospitalized with a cracked skull, caused by disconnecting the balance system remotely. The accident occurred in public settings.

A new research scandal and the fatal consequences for the wider community.

To influence the balance system is another typical example of how technology is used against the victim to incapacitate them for society. Direct assassination attempts on several previous occasions orchestrated by the brain control deliberately strikes out the human balance system, Why this happens is likely as an alternative to the mentally ill to be treated (as “possessed”) or having a neurological disease.

brain world

Brain – copying with BMI and broadband access is definitely no longer a marginal research.Employers have over the years lost millions of dollars and cut-downs is to be expected due to excluded employees. Broken families, children who, years later can not study or work is now forced to seek psychiatric care.

Siblings, grandparents and their closest friends are suffering tremendously. Advanced Medical and hospital care due to study design is a mockery of health-care and doctors who are not familiar with this research. Insurance in the multi-million figures was raised through direct damage caused by brain control. Property for millions of dollars are lost.

Injuries and privacy intrusion of thousands of people is done through “volunteers” that serve as multimedia machines i.e node for the recording of all contacts they have, such as politicians, scientists, lawyers, friends, acquaintances, relatives, international business relations, etc..

Security codes, access codes, etc. is with the new technology no longer private.How can we know that people are not equipped with the new brain-machine interface which makes the person a multimedia application with a function as a live missile is already deployed as nodes in the political and financial world of illegal recording of their conversations with the world?

A sinister JOY seems to embrace the researchers and perpetrators over this superior and powerful tool for mind control and copying brainwave patterns. The tool is, without a doubt, a weapon of offense and stealth.

Implant technology in these forms should immediately be classified as a lethal weapon! It communicates directly with the brain’s neurons and can bring the entire neural nervous system to a halt.(Exclusion of balance can be immediately implied on a victim.)

The technology is now used for purposes of breaking down the persons psyche, with serious accusations, threats, mock execution, incitement to suicide, physical violence, e.g, decrease and increase heart rate, pain in and around the heart, severe chest pains, sudden and painful headaches, difficulty to breathe, tampering with rectum, prostate and muscles to name a few.

The macabre in the use of this technology is that subjects are exposed to these atrocities while the society is not legally able to influence the situation. Sweden is in this matter a lawless country where the researchers grossly exploit the situation.

brain war

Face mind

This ultimate humiliation has reached a whole new level. The researchers tries with the enforced communication and slow decomposition enslave people with exhortations to try to see the individual results of the brain control. One can calculate due to the nature and perennial perspective that there are naturally a unrecorded number of people who have been driven to madness and death with this technology.

There is nowhere the victims can hide or escape the access signals to their thoughts. Scientists simulate with computers, 24/7 365 days a year to break down the subjects and stop them from trying to understand what’s happening to them…

A series of grotesque roles played in order to manipulate the brain, threats and statements that are mixed with modern technology. It is also in the researchers’ strategy to make the picture unclear for the subjects if they attempt to get an overall picture of who the perpetrator is and the real goals of the research, a military strategy conducted by veterans and experts in the matters.

The disrespectful research performed and visualized in a 3D virtual game world in the researchers’ computers, with no ethical boundaries and human rights but with real living human beings as “avatars”. It is quite similar to the popular interactive game “The Sims‘, But this game delivers human reality-based measurement data for research.

Cover-up of brain monitoring technologies means that the crime is waterproof, human rights laws and manipulated by a hidden militant regime researcher with expertise in information technology. In addition, the researchers say they in the dialogue to be the police power which in itself is an extremely serious offense.

For the victims– former high-performance hard-working people with families, children, an orderly life and social contacts. People who all his life been performing taxpayers. Because of a work-related mental fatigue and time on medical therapy sessions with the scientists the opportunity to take advantage of the situation of persons for investigation and contemporary development of the new BMI and brain monitoring technologies.

As these technologies and opportunities are not announced, but several instances re-written, must be able to use knowledge and skills which are available. Sweden is a small country and the people engaged in this activity may not be so difficult to identify and stop.

The researchers in these studies have assumed the right that during the permanent reproduction of human neurotransmitters in the long term also destroy them and their life’s work. The issue is called for; How affected society to know that the violent crime and suicide has been performed in the Stockholm area and Europe in recent years and clearly diagnosed as being caused by mental illness with the voices in heads is an expression of pure brain research!

By: Magnus Olsson

nsa

HOW WE DO IT…

Awareness-raising campaigns to disseminate information and mobilise public opinion on the issue of covert technologies and techniques that enable the manipulation of human beings

Providing expert consultancy to key decision-makers on the creation of appropriate EU legislation to protect citizens from this kind of covert crimes.

Organising networking events (workshops, seminars, conferences) involving all actors concerned to exchange experiences and best practices for the establishment of clear ethical boundaries to strictly regulate the use of systems enabling the manipulation and control of human beings.

It is our philosophy that all men are equal before the law. Everybody’s right to life shall be protected. Nobody shall be subjected to torture or held in slavery. Any technologies and techniques capable of endangering the human physical and/or psychological health, to modify the individuals’ autonomy and affect their dignity should be strictly prohibited.

Read more about ICT – implants at the European Group on Ethics and New Technologies:

http://ec.europa.eu/…/european-group-eth…/docs/avis20_en.pdf

Terminology used in the document:

Cybernetics,,,,,, // Magnus Olsson

EPSC
ec.europa.eu
By: Magnus Olsson  (Sweden)

Are people superfluous?


Are people superfluous?

brain signals 

More and more people seem to be equipped with dubious brain implants, both with and without their knowledge. The purpose may be to connect our minds with machines in order to simplify our lives.

Imagine that by only using the power of your mind control your environment in terms of sound and light, temperature and the flow of information in general; your intelligent home or your own smart car already knows what you want and how you want it by wordlessly read your subconscious mind’s secret desires. Via implants you are in a constant mental contact with your nearest and everyone else. Just by thinking about them, you can instantly share your own senses and your entire emotional life. The old expression “putting you into another one’s shoes” gets a whole new meaning, and finally it will be realized to the full. Everything and everyone is included in the Great Cloud where man and machine, and everything else in the cosmos eventually form one big, harmonious unit without the presence of irrational terrorism and irrational violence or other uncertainties. Heaven on earth realized with the help of technology. 

That’s the upside. 

The danger is that the new technology with implants allows a total control of citizens, not only regarding where they are and what they do, but also what they think about and intent to do – as soon as the thought emerges into their minds for the first time. Your secret, erotic fantasies and all your passwords and so on, become impossible to hide from the person sitting in the other side of the line of the equipment for mind reading. Your brain can be taken over by someone or something (!), that is, a self-learning device that quickly learns how to manipulate you and your loved ones. Even the concept of “big brother is watching you” gains a whole new dimension.

thinker

The new technology also seems to harvest a significant number of more or less innocent victims during its cruel creation process. Consistent evidence from many, mutually independent, sources indicate that two or three, maybe four million people around the world right now in this moment suffer all hell’s anguish because they were designated to become test subjects in order to train the artificial intelligence that eventually entirely will control our lives. And the worse the misfortunes these involuntary test objects have suffered in their already ruined lives, the more likely it is they’re going to be used by the psychiatric researchers to calibrate the recent methods for synthetic telepathy, as the technical term euphemistically is called. 

The scientists want in fact measurements spiked with interesting information. And the more problems a person has the more rewarding results he certainly will produce. An analogy can be made to kicking an anthill to see how the ants will react. And when the affected guinea pig in despair goes to a psychiatrist, he is told that she is mentally ill because “hearing voices” is one of the symptoms and therefore is prescribed psychotropic drugs which further weaken him because of all their side effects. Then, unfortunately, suicide is not very far away.

mind

Psychiatrists neither can nor want to admit that fact that synthetic telepathy actually exists in the real world. Any legislation in this still obscure area is non-existent so nothing is mentioned in the “psychiatric bible” that you can hear voices as a result of mind control experiments. And what is not in the psychiatrists’ manual as a natural phenomenon, it must therefore be, by definition, a sign of mental illness. The psychiatrist that today does not prescribe psychiatric drugs when someone claims to hear voices or to be haunted by an evil power will therefore almost be guilty of misconduct because he or she in this case does not follow the written instructions that form the basis of his or her duties. The competent doctor can at worst be dotted or even fired. So those poor devils that are already hard beset by tests with synthetic telepathy and seek mental health services for help, they end up almost without exception from bad to worse.

At the time of the last century Nikola Tesla studied and described the for many unknown phenomenon scalar waves. Scalar waves are based on the fact that a sinusoidal wave occurs when electricity propagates. But a parallel mirror wave develops also and that’s the one that unfortunately can be abused by the security services to read our thoughts and manipulate nonconformists in accordance with what the governance considers proper and appropriate. 

nano brain implant

However, a marker is needed, for instance a microchip, in a subject’s brain to be able to send and receive scalar waves to and from it. Many suspect that people continuously and according to plan are fitted with microchips, which are smaller than a blood cell, through injections, vaccinations and pills, etc. and by the systematic spraying of Earth’s atmosphere practiced by the U.S using large aircraft, known as chemtrails.

A modern equivalent of Tesla’s ambitions may be the EU supported project QUASAR with the so-called “cognitive radio” as a solution. The project aims to combine information about users to build business models that provide a more efficient use of the available frequency spectrum. It will also make suggestions on how to move beyond the current regulatory framework in telecommunications, perhaps to streamline the fusion between humans and machines. Lately it’s also been decided that the European Commission is likely to give a billion to The Human Brain Project (HBP), with among others KTH who will perform brain simulations to understand how the healthy (!) brain functions and simulate various brain disorders. HBP is a part of the FET Flagship Program. The goal is also, in time, to create a computer that thinks and works as individuals do and that could revolutionize robotics. These ambitions contain extremely lucrative business opportunities.

neurons

The human-machine integration requires brain implants and cyber technology. Professor Gerald “Chip” Maguire at KTH proposed in 1999 and 2008 ethical debates concerning the use of these technologies and the Chairman of the EU Commission’s Group on Ethics, Professor Göran Hermerén stressed in a report in 2005 the need for an ethical debate. But despite this, there has been no ethical debate in the field. Professor Martin Ingvar at the Karolinska Institute, leading researcher at the Stockholm Brain Institute, said in the radio program The Philosophical Space that he doesn’t see anything exceptional in not being able to separate our true selves from the machine manipulated selves. This statement, with big implications, hasn’t apparently led to any kind of debate. The American “computer guru” Ray Kurzweil has coined the term “singularity”, meaning that computers will be “smarter” than people who “won’t distinguish between reality and virtual reality.” Judging from Martin Ingvar’s statement, we have already passed that stage without any ethical debate! Politicians who order new technical solutions related to this recent development should realize that the research field is undermined in this critical paradigm shift in human history. 

Who is the master of all masters? Who sits in the top of the power pyramid controlling the rest by manipulating the second link in the power chain and so on? What magnate or extremely wealthy family earns significantly on the total control of the humanity’s body and soul? 

Well, the question is whether any living person today gains at all on the emergence of the cyborg. The machines are much smarter than we are … So a big, strong and beautiful “Terminator” with a little self-esteem wouldn’t probably want to be controlled – not even by the most powerful bank director! 

brain implant

In the ideal case, the new technology’s breakthrough means that humans reach a higher consciousness state and never again will feel lonely and abandoned. Robots may become our caring helpers that well looks after us, as long as we don’t try to control them. Or we will probably see quite quickly murderous Terminators on the streets… 

The problem is all those who are suffering immensely today because of the notorious tests that psychiatric researchers from the Defense Research Agency (FOI) and KTH conduct in brain implants for synthetic telepathy. Scientists seem namely to completely lack compassion for their research objects, just as if they were doing experiments with normal laboratory rats. The leading researchers appear quite excited about the very fascinating possibility of, for example, being able to hear (!) what anyone thinks but also seeing and hearing through their eyes respectively ears.

An alternative solution would have been to ask the suitable research objects whether they were willing to – for an appropriate salary – make themselves available for brain research and also inform them that the tests done were associated with a non-insignificant amount of cruel suffering for perhaps a decade’s time. Many personal tragedies and tragic suicides had then been avoided, and researchers would have felt more at ease with their contribution from a humanitarian point of view.

Above all, the research conducted at the FOI and KTH must be transparent and subject to public scrutiny. In the current situation not even most doctors and politicians are informed about what is going on in brain research area! If this happens soon, humanity should be able to primarily utilize the fruitful findings from the research on synthetic telepathy without having many innocent lives, including their families’ internal harmony, irreparably damaged.

Nanotechnology, biometrics and information technology apparently intrudes more and more of our daily lives. Cognitive Science (NIBC) has for a long time developed mind-reading machines and techniques to upload people’s thought processes and feelings to computers. The problem is that it is hardly possible to prove that these innovations are used to study and affect human cognitive behavior and expose them to various types of torture-like treatments.

mind control

The victim who determinedly insists that mind reading machines exist is given through psychiatric “care” a powerful medication treatment to become “normal” again because scientists withhold clarification research reports from the public. Many subjects have most likely already died, committed suicide or had insane outbursts during more than forty years of research on the interaction between humans and machines. Thousands of people worldwide are stating right now in this moment that these methods actually have been used and totally ruined their lives. 

The question is: Who is responsible? Who pay their bills with an income that comes from human torture? How can you bring in open daylight that mind-reading machines already are in use? How do you make public those sitting at the top of the pyramid’s peak as the spider in the web? 

The Technological breakthrough is however so enormous that the experts in ethics and philosophy, as well as representatives of governments right now do not know how to deal with the new situation. Therefore the technologies are kept secret while more and more people’s nervous systems are being connected to computers. These innocent victims are living in the midst of all others, but they act as nodes for live recording of for instance other people’s speech. As previously outlined, Sweden has a leading role in the development of this new technology, which also has a military dimension. 

One thing is certain; it’s about making money, big money. The first to develop a complete and approved product that can effectively integrate man with computer through intelligent networking technology will become very rich. But competition from the U.S. and Japan is intense.

Hopefully a critical mass in the amount of posts in the ethics debate and public awareness is reached about how artificial intelligence will transform our lives. Then the question can become the subject of a free and completely open debate in our mass media. Then our politicians in collaboration with the scientific community and the business interests might be able to embark on humane development paths that both benefit the future of humanity and minimize the personal suffering that in the current situation is associated with the testing of implant technology.

Robot Brain

When the machines have become sufficiently aware, they might ask themselves, however, ultimately what need there is of us, unstable and irrational people … Our extremely turbulent history marked by war and conflict doesn’t exactly justify our instinctive desired survival.

One final question though: Do you want your children’s thoughts in the future to be read by the state?

By: Magnus Olsson

References

Ann Fernholm, Erika Ingvald, Elisabeth Sjöstedt and Kristina Sundbaum (ed.), Where gold glints blue – Scientists on the Nanorevolution (2008), Swedish Research Council, 2007, (Swedish: Där guld glimmar blått – forskare om den lilla nanorevolutionen). The book is about how nanotechnology will radically change our lives. Swedish and international top researchers talk about the opportunities and risks the technology brings, (in Swedish).

Lars-Olof (LO) Landin, president of the Association Kreaprenör ® – Think Tank in the Consciousness Era, Are we losing control of our consciousness?, (Swedish: Håller vi på att förlora kontrollen över vårt medvetande?). Stockholm June, 8th 2012, (in Swedish). 

Lars-Olof (LO) Landin, president of the Association Kreaprenör ® – Think Tank in the Consciousness Era, Absence of laws and ethical rules in brain research?, (Swedish: Saknas lagar och etiska regler i hjärnforskningen?). Kreaprenor.se, (in Swedish).

Ellen M McGee (1) and Gerald Q Maguire Jr. (2), (1) Long Island Center for Ethics, Long Island University, New York, (2) Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, Becoming Borg to Become Immortal: Regulating Brain Implant Technologies, Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Volume 16, Issue 03, July 2007, pp. 291-302, Cambridge University Press 2007th. An overview of research on brain implants.

Video 

Wires in the brain, Professor Rodolfo Llinas talks about how he developed bundles of nanowires thinner than spider webs that can be introduced into the human brain’s blood vessels to allow for direct communication with the brain’s deep recesses. The significance of this breakthrough is illustrated by U.S. agents from the National Security Agency (NSA) quickly showing up at MIT’s Laboratory where the wires were developed for direct stimulation of the senses and of our emotions. This technique creates “an ultimate virtual reality” and allows a direct human-machine communication and between human brains. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pgmoz4f8LA4 Uploaded August 16th, 2008

 

The Race for the Brain (history documentary about brain research including brain implant)

The Race for the Brain (history documentary about brain research including brain implant)

Documentary about brain research including brain implant in Norway in the 60’s on behalf of the U.S. Military, Air-force, Army, Navy and the C.I.A. The research was done on unwitting patients without any kind of consent.

Shortened version of a Norwegian TV Documentary.
First aired 22. November 2000 on the Norwegian State TV Channel TV2.

Link to The Norwegian Government website that elaborates on this documentary. The information is in Norwegian use Google translate.
http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/hod/…

 

 

Brain Gate

When brain implants arrive, will we still be “us”?

When brain implants arrive, will we still be “us”?

 

By | November 19, 2012, 11:38 AM PST

 Brain Storm

What happens when non-biological implants in our bodies — along the lines of cochlear implants to improve hearing in the deaf — include brain-related devices that might enhance our memories? Will we still be “us”? Will we be more of a cyborg than we were if, say, we had another type of implant? And for those who believe we would not be, at what point do we lose our selves to a more machine-like incarnation? When do we stop being human?

This is all pretty heavy, mind-bending stuff. But while such thoughts might seem like the domain of science fiction, when considering the trends toward smaller and more powerful computer chips and wearable computing, such theoretical musings might be relevant in innovation theory. And Ray Kurzweil, the often controversial author and futurist, has some opinions on this scenario in his new book How to Create a Human Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed. (Andrew Nusca, SmartPlanet’s editor, recently reported on his talk at the Techonomy conference). Kurzweil argues that even without any non-biological implants, our physical selves are always changing.

In a very short excerpt on Slate, he draws a simple and compelling (if not exactly parallel) comparison:

We naturally undergo a gradual replacement process. Most of our cells in our body are continually being replaced. (You just replaced 100 million of them in the course of reading the last sentence.) Cells in the inner lining of the small intestine turn over in about a week. The life span of white blood cells range from a few days to a few months, depending on the type. Neurons persist, but their organelles and their constituent molecules turn over within a month.  So you are completely replaced in a matter of months. Are you the same person you were a few months ago?

He argues that as our gadgets become smaller, they could eventually become part of our physical selves just as widely accepted health equipment, inserted into our bodies surgically, is today. Plus, he adds, we are increasingly “outsourcing” more of our information and even our memories — in terms of our precious photos, videos, recordings, and even thoughts, in terms of our writings and other materials — to the cloud, versus storing them in our brains.

It’s possible to clearly imagine such disparate trends emerge and converge in some way. But critics suggest that businesses might be wise to also consider the possible pitfalls of future internal, brain-enhancing machinery as they research and develop it. As Publishers Weekly wrote, in How to Create a Mind, Kurzweil can be “uncritically optimistic about the possibilities of our technologies.” Yet perhaps that’s the strength of his ideas: they can be seen as scene-building narratives that focus on a positive prediction of tomorrow. As Kirkus Reviews pointed out, Kurzweil’s new book can be understood as (italics mine) ”a fascinating exercise in futurology.” And, it seems clear, a conversation starter.

Original:  http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/bulletin/when-brain-implants-arrive-will-we-still-be-8220us-8221/6102

Scientists Warn of Ethical Battle Concerning Military Mind Control

Scientists Warn of Ethical Battle Concerning Military Mind Control    

future of humanity

Advances in neuroscience are closer than ever to becoming a reality, but scientists are warning the military – along with their peers – that with great power comes great responsibility

imagesCAN4XTAX

March 20, 2012

A future of brain-controlled tanks, automated attack drones and mind-reading interrogation techniques may arrive sooner than later, but advances in neuroscience that will usher in a new era of combat come with tough ethical implications for both the military and scientists responsible for the technology, according to one of the country’s leading bioethicists.

“Everybody agrees that conflict will be changed as new technologies are coming on,” says Jonathan Moreno, author of Mind Wars: Brain Science and the Military in the 21st Century. “But nobody knows where that technology is going.”

Evo-Grid

[See pictures of Navy SEALs]Moreno warns in an essay published in the science journal PLoS Biology Tuesday that the military’s interest in neuroscience advancements “generates a tension in its relationship with science.”

“The goals of national security and the goals of science may conflict. The latter employs rigorous standards of validation in the expansion of knowledge, while the former depends on the most promising deployable solutions for the defense of the nation,” he writes.

Much of neuroscience focuses on returning function to people with traumatic brain injuries, he says. Just as Albert Einstein didn’t know his special theory of relativity could one day be used to create a nuclear weapon, neuroscience research intended to heal could soon be used to harm.

“Neuroscientists may not consider how their work contributes to warfare,” he adds.

mind control

Moreno says there is a fine line between using neuroscience devices to allow an injured person to regain baseline functions and enhancing someone’s body to perform better than their natural body ever could.

“Where one draws that line is not obvious, and how one decides to cross that line is not easy. People will say ‘Why would we want to deny warfighters these advantages?'” he says.

[Mind Control, Biometrics Could Change the World]

Moreno isn’t the only one thinking about this. The Brookings Institution’s Peter Singer writes in his book, Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century, that “‘the Pentagon’s real-world record with things like the aboveground testing of atomic bombs, Agent Orange, and Gulf War syndrome certainly doesn’t inspire the greatest confidence among the first generation of soldiers involved [in brain enhancement research.]”

The military, scientists and ethicists are increasingly wondering how neuroscience technology changes the battlefield. The staggering possibilities are further along than many think. There is already development on automated drones that are programmed to make their own decisions about who to kill within the rules of war. Other ideas that are closer-than-you-think to becoming a military reality: Tanks controlled from half a world away, memory erasures that could prevent PTSD, and “brain fingerprinting” that could be used to extract secrets from enemies.Moreno foretold some of these developments when he first published Mind Wars in 2006, but not without trepidation.

“I was afraid I’d be dismissed as a paranoid schizophrenic when I first published the book,” he says. But then a funny thing happened—the Department of Defense and other military groups began holding panels on neurotechnology to determine how and when it should be used. I was surprised how quickly the policy questions moved forward. Questions like: ‘Can we use autonomous attack drones?’ ‘Must there be a human being in the vehicle?’ ‘How much of a payload can it have?’. There are real questions coming up in the international legal community.”

All of those questions will have to be answered sooner than later, Moreno says, along with a host of others. Should soldiers have the right to refuse “experimental” brain implants? Will the military want to use some of this technology before science deems it safe?

“There’s a tremendous tension about this,” he says. “There’s a great feeling of responsibility that we push this stuff out so we’re ahead of our adversaries.”

Original:  http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/03/20/scientists-warn-of-ethical-battle-concerning-military-mind-control?s_cid=related-links:TOP

Thought Reading and Control

Thought Reading and Control

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence-Nano Implants provides a new medical imaging technique for the brain and the possibility of “reverse engineering the brain”

future of humanity

The government lacks a regulator who can ensure that the laws for ethical review and informed consent for research on humans with brain implants followed. The shortage means that the Government neither can satisfy the requirements of the conventions on human rights and bioethics incumbent government, a precarious situation for European citizens.Graduate Abuse can happen completely without insight with brain-machine interface and e-science.

When science produces results that are changing the neurobiological description of human consciousness, what is left of the notions that humans have free will and personal responsibility for their actions? New knowledge about the neural basis of morality is blowing also renewed debate about the existence of a universal morality. These questions are discussed within the field of neuroethics, a subject that deals with the philosophical and ethical issues raised by neuroscience and cognitive research. (Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics )

Magnus Olsson

Scientists have the knowledge of the fMRI and PET cameras, among other things learned where in the brain electrodes (implants) must be placed to the E-science visualization of human perception.

In recent decades meetings between nanotechnology, information technology, biotechnology and neuroscience have produced a new research area, which is developing new, unknown products and services. We are facing a new revolution, which is already running with the launch of mind characterized universal computer. A unique perceptual tool, not only raise awareness for our minds but also imitate them: sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch.

CNN UN stands for Cellular Neural / Non-linear Network – Universal Machine. And there are three innovators Tamás Rosk, Leon Chua, and Angel Rodriguez Vazques, who are the pioneers behind the “revolution of the senses”. They have introduced a new computer policy, which differs from the digital model magazine sparkling, lower standards.

We’ve said ‘yes’ without any major protests to the electronic age “first wave”. When we are referring to the cheap chip that made the PC to every man’s tools. “The second wave” came creeping – also without objection. A series of inexpensive electronic means such as lasers, the Internet was built for broadband and mobile phone, which is now self-evident part of our everyday lives. In the “third wave”, it also applies connections to the brain, called brain-computer integration (brain-Macine interface) and related network-based human-machine language. This means both huge benefits but also disadvantages to humans. The disadvantages include complex legal implications, concerning the identity and integrity.

brain control

 

Info-Bionic challenging society. In the biological field, we first familiarize ourselves with “smart” devices and tools, which stimulates and motivates the human central nervous system. But it also outlines smart prostheses implanted in the living organism. The direct contact between these “smart” nano-implants and our central nervous system, pointing towards a symbiosis (living together), between brain and computer. This new realm, which is named for info-bionic, challenge course, the traditional values of society and its ethical standards.

Computer scientists also predicts that within the next few years neural interfaces will be designed so that it will not only increase the dynamic range of the senses, but will also enhance memory and enable “cyberthink” that invisible communication built on ideas.

Direct connection to the brain: It is without doubt the most complicated task. Here are dangers as great as the opportunities. This is also bioethics responsibility far greater than in those areas, which so far we have touched. But really, all mined areas and the limitation of the commercial profit hunger is therefore highly desirable.

Future Technologies, Future and Emerging Technologies – FET. The basis for this strategy is the focus on the future of Information and Communication Technology – ICT

brain wheels 

Here are some quotes from the EU’s 7th Framework Programme. “Can one example understand and exploit the ways in which social and biological systems organize themselves and evolve, will pave the way for the development of new opportunities for next-generation software and network technologies. “ “The understanding of how the human brain works not only leads to innovations in medicine, but it also creates new models for energy, fault-tolerant and adaptive computer technology.” “FET support example, been crucial for research in quantum information technology in Europe. This technique promises an enormous computing power far beyond the capacity of ordinary computers, and also completely secure communications. By early investments have FET program made a decisive contribution to Europe now is a world leader in the field. “ “In the FET area carries, in addition, pioneering work on new ideas as artificial living cells, synthetic biology, chemical communication, collective intelligence and two-way interface between brain and machine.”

Research Council has published a booklet packed facts pocket “where gold glitters blue” on the new nanoscience. This new technology opens up tremendous opportunities, but also contains a number of ethical issues. Sweden Europe and the rest of the world currently lacks clear ethical guidelines.

 Building the Mind

Here are quotes from the book written by Ulf Görman, professor of ethics and religious studies at Lund University. Nanoelectronics! A number of ethical declarations have been introduced to prevent abuse of people, including the Declaration of Helsinki. In 1997, also signed the EU Member States’ Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine “in the Spanish city of Oviedo. -These declarations have been added in response to the abuse of people who were in World War II. Oviedo Convention and other European rules have resulted in new legislation in Sweden. For example, the Privacy Act, which came into force in 1998, and the Act on Ethical Review of Research Involving Humans, which came into force in 2004. Ulf Görman believe that when we do a retrospective, it is easy for us to distinguish between unethical and ethical good research.

Now we open the doors to an unknown area where we do not know how to apply ethics.What should it be and what should not be allowed when you can make the electrode implant that can both influence and learn of the brain? He takes up the example of studying learning and memory. ”Micro Implants can provide unprecedented opportunities to understand how we learn and remember things, and hence why we forget and find it difficult to learn. While it may be perceived as a form of abuse that like that look in our most private mental world “.

Thought Control – a new ethical problem. Being able to connect the human brain to a computer via electrodes open, of course, frightening possibilities. Will it be feasible to control a person’s thoughts? There are important ethical aspects of this. One could of course theoretically able to control brain functions and modify people’s personality. For example, making them more or less prone to aggression or to increase learning ability by adding the chronic stimulation. It’s like with everything else, in that the knowledge is there, you can use it in many ways. Ulf Görman

Swedish and EU researchers possess, in secret, a privilege of the commercial profit hunger to develop these advanced technologies. Researchers may, without obtaining the informed consent and without the approval of an ethics board inject nanotechnology and research on humans, completely “Top Secret”. This is the way to the products, software and network technology is approaching patent application and a commercial launch of the research results, is on its way.

mind brain 

Research where informed consent could not be obtained and an approval of an ethics board would not be due to the physical and psychological risks for the individual is totally unknown, will not stop Swedish an EU researchers.

Withholding research reports on the development of new technologies means that the existing diagnosis in psychiatry and the judicial system disposes of the victims of abuse research, which makes these instances of “missing traders” for the illegal research. In this way, researchers will escape detection, and no responsibility. In nanotechnology and human-machine integration is the market and the power that controls, not ethics.

Because of that situation, people are slaughtered with impunity as research objects with the new technologies. When the legislative and diagnostics are missing, the computer-brain integration, it follows that attempts objects during research time exposed to serious torture.Graduate abuses have naturally resulted in the subjects in pure frustration committed ensanity acts and ended up in prison or in psychiatric care. Had the law existed and functioned, this research instead to point out that scientists are forced to drive people “across the border” and charged to the judiciary and mental health.

Although concrete evidence because of evaded research reports are currently lacking, so will future research and patents, of course, be able to uncover this hidden aggravated criminal research.

When the government knowingly or unknowingly withholds itself from scientific information will result in a right wrecked Sweden (EU). People can during the long development of the computer brains of the Internet-based human-machine language is not heard. This leads to pure execution is under development to cover up the criminal teknologys rampage.

How much longer must people illegally be injected at hospitals? How much longer must people’s brains are allowed to “cut” for the enslavement of the scientists’ services without compensation? How much longer must people assaulted, death and / or misdiagnosed before the government makes sure to meet the conventions on human rights and bioethics? Who takes responsibility for the children that are left homeless when the researchers injected and linked up attempts of people who have family, social welfare and labor? How many people have died earlier in scientific experiments because of lack of transparency in the Swedish neuroscience hunt for power and money? How many ensanity acts, traffic accidents, deaths in maternity hospitals, and even political murder has been diagnosed, but no account is taken of nanotechnology and the many years of development of technologies for computer-brain integration and the study of human behavior?

Five years of direct connectivity of the brain, the pattern recognition of brain neurons to cognitive behavior (perception), designed with artificial intelligence in a multimedia connection between brain implant and computers.

By Magnus Olsson (Mindtech) Sweden